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What is terminal chronic kidney failure (CKF)? Why do I need dialysis?

For patients with chronic kidney failure this diagnosis imply the end-stage of renal pathology evolution, i.e. the kidneys can no longer perform their function and the patient, in order to survive needs to be included in dialysis. What is dialysis? The patient is connected to a replacement of renal function, the process typically takes 4-5 hours and must be performed at least three times a week.

What are the symptoms of terminal chronic renal failure?

The main signs of terminal chronic renal failure include: general weakness and poor work performance, legs and under eyes edemas, getting tired quickly, headache due to hypertension, nausea, vomiting, somnolence, sometimes  to coma, unpleasant smell (urine) during respiration, decreases the need to urinate during the day and during the night increases. If you have some of these symptoms contact your doctor urgently.c.

What are the main causes of terminal Chronic Kidney Failure?

The main causes of terminal CKF include hyperglycemia, hypertension, chronic glomerulonephritis, chronic administration of nephrotoxic drugs, age, high protein diet, and chronic pyelonephritis, congenital and hereditary nephropathies. So if you suffer from one of these affections you are at risk for CKF.

What kind of treatment is recommended for patients with terminal chronic renal failure?

The patient is administered a comprehensive treatment that includes different ways of substitution (replacement) of renal function (kidney), renal function and hormonal therapy compensation of terminal CKF complications. The proceedings for renal function substitution include hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, hemofiltration and kidney transplantation. The most successful way of substitution of renal function is kidney transplantation but not indicated for all patients.

What are the basic rules to prevent terminal chronic renal failure?

Prevention strategy consists of terminal chronic kidney failure diagnosis, prevention, early and adequate treatment of renal pathology. It is important to monitor possible renal diseases through regular consultations of nephrologists. The patient must balance fluid intakes (use liquids such as water, juices, etc.) and cooking salt, avoiding the development of hypertension. Patients at risk are advised to eat less food containing protein (meat, fish, dairy, eggs). It is recommended to minimize or even exclude a potential nephrotoxic medicinal preparations. Smoking and drinking is prohibited.

Life takes another turn for people diagnosed with terminal chronic renal insufficiency. BB-Dializa mission is to ensure its patients a quality life by providing them advisory services and high quality medical care. If you have questions, write us to the email address Our specialists will respond you as soon as possible bringing all the details.

The life of each patient is important for us.